14 Dec 1966 hurricane names
1. Below is a list of Atlantic Ocean retired names, the years the hurricanes occurred, and the areas they affected.  The hurricane accelerated on June 8, quickly moving across Isla de la Juventud and later mainland Cuba with winds of around 100 mph (160 km/h). A possible tropical cyclone in June and July and another in July brought minor damage to Florida and Louisiana, respectively.  Because Alma was initially forecast to cross the central portion of the state, residents along the Florida panhandle were not adequately prepared for the hurricane.  On June 6, the depression rapidly intensified into Tropical Storm and later Hurricane Alma. After crossing Cuba, Alma intensified further to reach winds of 125 mph (201 km/h) in the Gulf of Mexico. 67% average accuracy. Moving over colder ocean temperature, Lois gradually lost tropical characteristics and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone at 00:00 UTC on November 12, while located about 640 mi (1,030 km) north of São Miguel Island. Rainfall and increased storm tides extended into Virginia and New Jersey.  The month of July was highly active, with four named storms – Becky, Celia, Dorothy, and Ella.  On Isla de la Juventud, the combination of high winds and rains destroyed dairy facilities, chicken farms, and large areas of fruit crops. 1961- Hurricane Carla. The Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 15, 1964. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "History of the National Weather Service Forecast Office Miami, Florida", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Inez Gains Power, Spawns Tornado on Way to Florida", "Inez Roils Gulf After Pounding Florida Keys", Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "Hurricane Alma Gales Kill One Cuban; Alert Spreads Across Island", "Cuba Enlists 100,000 for Alma Repair Job", "Hurricane Alma Aims Winds, Tides Toward Florida's Tampa Bay Area", "Tired Hurricane Spills Heavy Rain on Georgia", Some Aspects Of The Development Of Hurricane Dorothy, Tropical Cyclone Affecting Trinidad and Tobago 1725 to 2000, Hurricane history (b) 1963-present that affected Bermuda, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, "Weaker Hurricane Inez Aims Winds at Eastern Cuba", "Inez Again Threatens Florida and Gulf Coast", "Hurricane Aims for Mexico's Eastern Coast", "Hurricane Inez Moves Across Mexican Coast", http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/Publications/HurWarningConf/HurWarningconf1967.pdf, http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/Publications/HOP%27s/HurWarningConf1969-.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1966_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=993534794, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 03:16. , In late July, a low-level disturbance situated over the central Atlantic Ocean encountered a vigorous shortwave trough and developed into a surface low pressure area on July 22. It was the earliest Atlantic hurricane in the calendar year in fifteen years, as well as the earliest continental U.S. hurricane strike since 1825. Creating a new list of girls’ names each year obviously taxed the imagination of (male) forecasters, and Atlantic hurricane names came to be picked from a rotating list. Storms in the 1940s. Storms in the 1910s. Based on reports of a circulation, the system developed into a tropical depression at 00:00 UTC on September 27. The storm made another landfall in Florida as a hurricane on June 9. 1 Storms 1.1 Tropical Storm Alice 1.2 Tropical Storm Brittany 1.3 Tropical Storm Carol 1.4 Hurricane Dolly 1.5 Tropical Storm Esther 1.6 Hurricane Floren …  Initially, forecasters anticipated Alma would cross central Florida, although the hurricane turned to the north-northwest. 1966 Hurricane Season Summary for the East-Central Pacific Hurricane Season: 1966 (calendar year) for the East-Central Pacific, summary and overview. , The other tropical depression was reported to have existed in late July. For example, one hurricane canbe moving slowly westward in the Gulf of Mexico, while at exactlythe same time another hurricane can be moving rapidly northward alongthe Atlantic coast. Several towns along the coastline were flooded during the storm. On October 10, Inez made landfall near Tampico as a Category 3 hurricane. In southwestern Florida, the hurricane heavily damaged the mango crop.  Storms were named Dorothy, Faith, Hallie, Inez, Kendra and Lois for the first time in 1966. , By August 28, the storm began to re-intensify, after curving north-northwestward near The Bahamas. Other than heavy thunderstorms and a brief suspension of fishing activities, no other effects were reported.. It's quite rare to have a hurricane season with more than 21 storms. Category 4 - Category 4 hurricanes with wind speeds of 209-251 km/h are catastrophic in nature. , A tropical wave developed into a tropical depression well east of the Lesser Antilles on September 21.  Early the next day, the storm attained its minimum barometric pressure of 995 mbar (29.4 inHg). An example is the 1966 hurricane "Fern" which was replaced for "Frieda".  There were also heavy losses to fruit trees and to the sugar industry, after the storm destroyed sugar mills and the rail lines that carried the cane to the mills. Atlantic tropical cyclone name lists repeat every six years unless a storm is so severe that the Hurricane Committee votes to retire that name from future lists.  It developed into a tropical depression while located between Cape Verde and the west coast of Africa on August 21. However, loss of human and animal lives is minimal in the case of such storms. Damage in Florida was estimated at $10 million, and there were six deaths in the state.  Hurricane-force winds were observed in the Florida Keys, where 160 homes and 190 trailers were damaged. Alma developed on June 4 over Central America, and while moving through Honduras, it dropped heavy rainfall that killed at least 75 people in the city of San Rafael.  One of the deaths was a man who had a heart attack while preparing to evacuate.  During the next few days, the depression organized further and acquired a warmer center of circulation while heading west-southwestward and then to the east-southeast.  This was the earliest date of landfall in the United States since 1825.  Between July 17 and July 19, the storm moved across the Bahamas, before turning northeastward. This was less than other storms of similar intensity, due to the sparse population of the affected area. The six lists above are used in rotation and re-cycled every six years, i.e., the 2019 list will be used again in 2025. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. The next system, Hurricane Faith, developed near Cape Verde on August 21.  The storm flooded many rivers and destroyed over 800 houses in Dominican Republic.  Along the west coast of Pinellas County, the storm damaged the grapefruit crop. 6 months ago. The hurricane weakened before moving ashore near Apalachee Bay.  Dorothy continued to weaken and became extratropical around 18:00 UTC the following day, while located about 610 mi (980 km) north-northwest of Corvo Island in the Azores. Many of them were poorly constructed due to lack of government funding to repair the gradually deteriorating structures in the tropical climate. Overall, the storms of this season collectively caused at least 1,096 fatalities and about $436.6 million in damage.  Damage throughout Florida was estimated at around $10 million. Subject: E7) What is the farthest a tropical cyclone has traveled? Offshore northern Honduras, the system produced heavy rainfall in Swan Island. 1. A full-scale version of a Saturn V rocket was rolled back to the Vehicle Assembly Building on June 8 in less than 11 hours, which was within the anticipated time for such a move and before the expected arrival of 60 mph (97 km/h) wind gusts. The depression moved slowly northward and remained poorly defined throughout its duration, with a few radar reports indicating no evidence of an eye formation. Wind gusts reached 70 mph (110 km/h) in Key West, causing a power outage. , National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 10.1175/1520-0493(1967)095<0131:thso>2.3.co;2, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Hurricane Alma Heads Toward Cuba 73 Dead Reported in Honduras", "Hurricane Alma Gales Kill One Cuban; Alert Spreads Across Island", "Alma Gives Town in North Florida a Rude Awakening", "Meteorological History - Hurricane Alma", "Hurricane Alma Aims Winds, Tides Toward Florida's Tampa Bay Area", "Alma Aims at Tallahassee, Death, Debris in Her Wake", "Remembering Our Heritage: 40 Years Ago: Hurricane Sim was the Real Thing", "Mueren Setenta y Cinco Personas en una Aldea Hondureña Arrasada por el Ciclón Alma", "Cuba Enlists 100,000 for Alma Repair Job", "Tired Hurricane Spills Heavy Rain on Georgia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Alma_(1966)&oldid=989467158, 1966 natural disasters in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 04:06. Inez then struck southwestern Haiti, where it was considered the worst hurricane since the 1920s. It developed a large eye and maintained hurricane intensity for about 18 hours. Alma crossed southeastern Georgia as a tropical storm, damaging a few houses and causing light damage. It moved across Georgia and emerged into the Atlantic near Savannah late on June 10. Hurricane Case Studies.  The storm re-intensified into a hurricane over the western Atlantic Ocean, and its outer rainbands dropped heavy rainfall in Wilmington, North Carolina. All hurricanes of the 1964 Atlantic hurricane season became major hurricanes (category 3+). , Further north, Alma produced 44 mph (71 km/h) wind gusts and 2.18 in (55 mm) in Savannah, Georgia. The depression dropped heavy rainfall in some areas of Florida, with a peak total of 10 in (250 mm) in Everglade City and Jacksonville. Later in its duration, Lois passed west of the Azores, bringing gale-force winds to Corvo Island.  Three hurricanes and one tropical storm made landfall during the season, causing at least 1,096 deaths and $436.6 million in damage. , On October 9, a cyclone 200 mi (320 km) north of Cape Verde was named Kendra and operationally classified as a tropical storm, but post-analysis found the system actually remained an extratropical gale center. 1966 Atlantic hurricane season summary map.png 3,000 × 1,854; 4.44 MB. Since 1953, The National Hurricane Center produces and pre-approves this list. All six of the hurricanes reached major hurricane status – well above the 1950–2000 mean of 2.3 per season. Storms in the 1910s.  One person drowned in the western Atlantic after his ship sank. The storm also destroyed a large radio tower on the island. Storms were named Dorothy, Faith, Hallie, Inez, Kendra and Lois for the first time in 1966. Storms in the 1930s. The remnants continued northwestward and dissipated on July 31. The strongest of these storms was the 1938 New England hurricane, which struck Long Island as a Category 3 storm on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale. Hurricane names alternate in gender - male, female, male, female, etc. Hurricane Alma, 1966; Hurricane Alicia, 1983; Hurricane Karl, 2010; Hurricane Roxanne, 1995; Hurricane Carol, 1954 are all examples of Category 3 hurricanes.  On July 28, outflow from Hurricane Dorothy weakened the storm to a tropical depression. Alma dropped heavy rainfall and produced winds across most of Florida, which damaged crops and caused scattered power outages. Storms in the 1960s. This marked the earliest United States hurricane landfall since a hurricane in May and June of 1825. 1960- Hurricane Donna. The hurricane moved slowly over Cuba for two days before emerging into the Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas. Most of the names starting with V and W haven't been needed at all. The final system, Hurricane Lois, developed east of Bermuda on November 4. The Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1. by cara91404_68972. Moving westward across the Atlantic Ocean, it continued to slowly strengthen, reaching hurricane status early on August 23. The winds overturned a bus at Fort Gordon, injuring 11 soldiers. Despite this, the wind field was described as well organized, especially in the northeastern quadrant. Late on June 8, a station in the Dry Tortugas reported winds of 125 mph (201 km/h); this would be Alma's peak intensity. Edit.  At 06:00 UTC on July 2, the system became Tropical Storm Becky and reached hurricane status only six hours later. At the 1967 hurricane warning conference it was decided to use 1966's list of names for 1970, with the name Faith was substituted for Francelia. Maybe the '60s generated enough turmoil on the ground to reroute the wind patterns, and that postponed the next major hurricane until the appearance of Ginger (September 30, 1971).  Later that day, a tropical depression developed at 12:00 UTC, while located about 765 mi (1,230 km) southwest of the southernmost islands of Cape Verde. At 00:00 UTC on the following day, Faith peaked with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 950 mbar (28 inHg). 7 times. Atlantic Pronunciation Guide (PDF) Since 1953, Atlantic tropical storms had been named from lists originatedby the National Hurricane Center. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadlyor costly that the future use of its name o… Rainfall in the state peaks at 4.8 inches (122 mm) at Kendall, while offshore the hurricane results in 45 casualties in the Florida Straits. , ESSA 2 satellite imagery showed a cloud mass with a possible circulation on July 22.  After coming under the influence of a cold low, Becky turned to the northwest toward Atlantic Canada on July 3. This marked the earliest United States hurricane landfall since a hurricane in May and June of 1825. Storm Tracks by Name: Hurricane Alma, 1966 This map created by FCIT shows the track of hurricane Alma in 1966. Tropical Storm Judith left only minor impacts in the Windward Islands. Clue: Deadly 1966 hurricane with a Spanish-derived name.  Around that time, Becky attained its peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 75 mph (120 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 985 mbar (29.1 inHg). , While turning northeastward over northern Florida, Alma quickly weakened to a tropical storm.  Damage was estimated at $104 million, and there were 74 deaths in Mexico. The name Inez was retired after the 1969 hurricane warning conference, despite not having a significant effect on the United States. , An area of disturbed weather emerged into the Atlantic Ocean from the west coast of Africa in mid-August.  The hurricane destroyed 1,083 houses, and overall damage was estimated at $200 million. During the first few days of the month, a dissipating trough extended from the southeastern United States into the western Caribbean.  Alma crossed western Cuba, causing heavy crop damage and water shortages. The precipitation in Jacksonville resulted in $50,000 in damage to roadways.  Most of San Rafael was destroyed, and there were at 73 deaths in the city; one news report indicated that 75 people died in the city. Storms before the 1900s. After an increase in convective activity and satellite imagery revealing a closed circulation on September 20, the system was classified as a tropical depression. Thereafter, it moved in quasi-stationary motion to the northwest and continued to intensify, reaching hurricane status late on July 24. Eighty-five tropical or subtropical cyclones have affected the state of New York since the 17th century. , Before affecting Cuba, Alma spawned a tornado in Cayman Brac that destroyed a few houses and power lines. Damage in Florida was estimated at $10 million, and there were six deaths in the state. The storm killed 12 people in the country. Category 1 hurricanes do not cause much damage to the framework of well-constructed houses but might damage the roof, vinyl sidings, shingles, and gutters.  In Güines near Havana, Alma destroyed food crops, which further exacerbated Cuba's existing food shortages.  Alma encountered colder water temperatures and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on June 13. The depression spawned two tornadoes, one of which destroyed two aircraft at Palm Beach International Airport; the other touched down in Vero Beach and caused minimal effects. The 1966 Atlantic hurricane season (SDTWFC What Night Have Been) features what the SDTWFC thought storms would do upon formation. , After crossing Cuba, Alma intensified further to reach winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) in the Gulf of Mexico. , In addition to the 11 tropical cyclones and Kendra, the Monthly Weather Review indicates the existence of two tropical depressions, though neither are included in the Atlantic basin best track.  In northern Florida where Alma moved ashore, wind gusts reached 100 mph (160 km/h) in Crawfordville; the high winds damaged the local tobacco crop.  The depression moved northeastward and intensified into Tropical Storm Alma on June 6, and a hurricane six hours later. By the following day, coastal radars indicated a relatively well-defined circulation. On June 5, the depression crossed Honduras and emerged into the western Caribbean, moving north-northeastward through an area of warm sea surface temperatures. Names that were not a… A wind gust knocked a car off of a bridge between Tampa and St. Petersburg, although the occupants were able to escape safely. , Alma caused significant crop damage in western Cuba; it destroyed 13,400 acres (5,400 hectares) of bananas and 18,090 acres (7,320 hectares) of corn fields. The legend shows the different categories of hurricanes as follows: Cat 5 (dark red), Cat 4 (red), Cat 3 (orange), Cat 2 (yellow), Cat 1 (green), tropical storm (teal), tropical depression (blue), and lower category (purple). At the 1967 hurricane warning conference it was decided to use 1966's list of names for 1970, with the name Faith was substituted for Francelia. , By July 20, the system re-intensified into a tropical storm. Play this game to review Other. Home > History > Featured Storms > Storms in the 1960s. The rotating six-year naming lists were introduced in 1979 and before then - in 1966 - Fern was swapped for Frieda. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin.  Three other drowning deaths occurred in the North Sea near Denmark.  It was a near average season in which eleven tropical storms formed, compared with the 1966–2009 average of 11.3 named storms.  Only light rainfall was observed in Atlantic Canada and Quebec.  A hurricane watch and gale warning were issued for the state's eastern coastline, extending to Savannah, Georgia. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Such forced labor was a complaint about the rule of Fidel Castro, after the food and supply shortages. Storms in the 1900s. , Satellite imagery from ESSA 2 indicated that a large area of disturbed weather began merging with a frontal band in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Category 1 hurricanes produce dangerous winds that have speeds of about 119-153 km/h. Longest lived hurricane :Hurricane San Ciriaco, August 1899 (28 days), Hurricane Ginger September 1971 (27.25 days), Hurricane Inga September 1969, 24.75 days, Hurricane Kyle September 2002, 22 days, Hurricane Carrie, September 1957 & Hurricane Inez September 1966 (20.75 days).  Thus, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Celia at 00:00 UTC on July 14. Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use. Its remnants dissipated a day later over Massachusetts. During the next four days, the depression crossed Cuba and later made landfall near Cross City, Florida. Played 7 times. Before 1979, when the list for six years was introduced, it has been noted that some names were retired without any reason. The same list was used in the 1962 season and was used for the 1970 season. Before 1979, when the list for six years was introduced, it has been noted that some names were retired without any reason.  Several hours later, a reconnaissance aircraft observed sustained winds of 80 mph (130 km/h). , Before Alma struck Florida, officials issued hurricane warnings from the Florida Keys through Apalachicola. Passing west of the Azores on November 10, a sustained wind speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) was observed on Corvo Island.  About 125,000 people were forced to evacuate in Cuba, and there were three deaths and $20 million in damage. Storms in the 1920s. Hurricane Routes, 1850-1859 This map shows the routes of major hurricanes that made landfall in the United States classified on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane … Before 1979, when rotation of the permanent six-year storm list began, some storm names were simply not used anymore.  Ella dissipated shortly thereafter, while located about 255 mi (410 km) northeast of Grand Turk Island.  Cattle were moved to a safe location for the storm's passage.  Later that month, another tropical depression developed. Hurricane Inez Category 4 September 21 - October 11, 1966 Hurricane Beulah Category 5 September 5-22, 1967 Hurricane Edna Category 3 September 2-15, 1954 Hurricane Camille Category 5 … Initially, the depression featured cold temperatures near the center and did not completely possess tropical characteristics.  Heavy rainfall and strong winds pelted Bermuda, though no damage occurred. The next day, Alma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone to the east of Maryland.  This made it the earliest hurricane in the basin since Hurricane Able in 1951. This makes Kendra the only system in the Atlantic basin to be named and not considered a tropical cyclone (pending reanalysis); previously, another such system was Mike of 1950, but that storm was later re-added into the database as a tropical storm after reanalysis. The depression intensified while heading northeastward under an upper-level trough. A major hurricane is a storm that ranks as Category 3 or higher on the. Science. Effects were minor in South Carolina, although heavy rainfall totaled 7.80 in (198 mm) in Wilmington, North Carolina. Isolated incidents of fatalities may occur primarily due to injury by falling or flying debris.  Additionally, a tropical depression developed in the Gulf of Mexico. For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. It was a near average season in terms of tropical storms, with a total of 11 named storms. , The season's activity was reflected with an accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating of 145.  Crossing into the Soviet Union, the remnants of Faith remained identifiable until reaching Franz Josef Land on September 15.  The causeways to Sanibel Island were closed, isolating residents who had not evacuated.  The extreme rainfall flooded the entire city and left most of it covered with about 3 ft (1 m) of mud. The following names were used for named storms (tropical storms and hurricanes) that formed in the North Atlantic in 1966. The city had power outages and damage to its water systems. Six of these reached hurricane status, which is near the 1950–2000 average of 5.9. , Upon reaching hurricane intensity, Dorothy possessed tropical characteristics, with evidence of a weak warm core beginning on July 25.  Overall, about 100,000 people were advised to seek shelter, though many of them chose to stay in their homes. The destruction of the tobacco represented a $30 million loss for the country.  Ten emergency shelters were opened in Fort Myers and two in Naples.  Curving westward, Celia weakened to a tropical depression around midday on July 15, and was operationally believed to have degenerated into a remnant low pressure.  All Phantom jet fighters at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa were transported to Columbus Air Force Base in Mississippi, while aircraft were also evacuated from Homestead Air Reserve Base. The 1966 Atlantic hurricane season featured the tropical cyclone with the longest track in the Atlantic basin – Hurricane Faith.  It moved slowly westward and strengthened into Tropical Storm Inez on September 24. An example is the 1966 hurricane "Fern" which was replaced for "Frieda". The remnants curved southeastward and weakened until dissipating a few hundred miles offshore Portugal on November 14. At 12:00 UTC on September 30, Judith dissipated over the eastern Caribbean Sea.  During the year, the Miami, Florida Weather Office was re-designated the National Hurricane Center. `` I '' hurricanes storm Dorothy year ) for the current hurricane season with more than storms! 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