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lead metal uses

lead metal uses

The single most important commercial use of lead is in the manufacture of lead-acid storage batteries (see battery, electric). Lead was also added to fuel for cost-efficiency and improved vehicle performance. Lead is a very corrosion-resistant, dense, ductile, and malleable blue-gray metal that has been used for at least 5,000 years. It is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and it is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. in x-ray rooms.and nuclear reactors. Lead is a neurotoxin that can cause brain damage and behavioral problems, among other things. Lead oxidizes to lead monoxide (litharge), which captures oxygen from other metals present. Lead was used extensively in construction in the past. Today, lead, which has been mined on all continents except Antarctica, is one of the most important metals to industrialized economies. 3.1 Uses & Benefits It is also used in insecticides, hair dyes and as an anti-knocking additive for petrol. It is the base metal used for organ pipes and is mixed with variable amounts of tin to control the tone of the pipe. Lead is a major constituent of the lead-acid battery used extensively in car batteries. An additio… 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It is an important component of batteries, and about 75% of the world's lead production is consumed by the battery industry. Learn about the uses and properties of lead and how this metal has been used throughout history. All Rights Reserved. It is used for making lead compounds, e.g. Lead is used in the ballast of sailboats. The impure lead metal/alloy is melted at a high temperature of 960–1000°C in an oxidizing environment. It is used in construction, batteries, alloys, ammunition, pigments, and various other items. Lead is a relatively abundant element because it the endpoint of the decay schemes of many radioactive elements with higher atomic numbers. IDENTIFICATION. Lead, a naturally occurring metal, is abundantly found throughout the Earth. The symbol Pb comes from the Latin word for lead, "plumbum." For many years lead and tin were thought to be the same metal. It is a heavy metal that is denser than most common materials. It is also an effective metal against gamma radiation. However, if it is used to make water pipes, there is a danger of Pb poisoning because water containing dissolved oxygen attacks lead slowly to form lead(II) hydroxide which is slightly soluble. Other uses are in sheeting, cables, solders, lead crystal glassware, ammunitions, bearings and as weight in sp… Due to its corrosion-resistive property, the Romans used it to make water pipes and for lining baths. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. With the passage of time, the uses for lead have … Lead is soft and malleable, and also has a relatively low melting point. A wide variety of uses lead metal options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. Lead was used for making water pipes in the Roman Empire, and its production subsequently grew throughout South and East Asia, especially in China and India. This varies based on country. Fax : +91-141-2621491. It is very resistant to corrosion; lead pipes bearing the insignia of Roman emperors, used as drains from the baths, are still in service. This mainly results from: 1. inhalation of lead particles generated by burning materials containing lead, for example, during smelting, recycling, stripping leaded paint, and using leaded gasoline or leaded aviation fuel; and 2. ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, water (from leaded pipes), and food (from lead-glazed or lead-soldered containers). In BatteriesThe most important use of lead is seen in the automobile industry in the form of batteries. Uses of Lead. Lead is an Anglo-Saxon word for the metal that has been used and known about since ancient times. Across Europe, lead production began to revive in the 11th and 12th centuries, where it was used for roofing and plumbing. It is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and it is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. Uses As an element. Around 4,000 years ago, the Chinese started using lead to forge coins. Copyright © 2018 Gravitatechnomech.com. Lead is a very corrosion-resistant, dense, ductile, and malleable blue-gray metal that has been used for at least 5,000 years. The metal is used as shielding from radiation, e.g. Early uses of lead included building materials, pigments for glazing ceramics, and pipes for transporting water. Alibaba.com offers 3,495 uses lead metal products. Lead: uses Uses of lead Lead is widely used in batteries, cable sheaths, machinery manufacturing, shipbuilding, light industry, lead oxide, radiation protection and other industries. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Lead is a toxic metal whose widespread use has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many parts of the world. As an Anti-knock AgentTetraethyl lead is utilized as an anti-knock additive for aviation fuel in piston-driven aircraft. Today, it’s primarily used in making wear-resistant, high-strength steel alloys. Lead was incorporat… Lead is a dense, soft, low-melting metal. Several factory workers died from lead exposure. Tetraethyl lead was used as an anti-knock agent in petrol, and as an additive in paints. Its official chemical symbol is Pb, and its atomic number is 82, which means that a lead atom has 82 protons in its nucleus. For example, it’s great for radiation shielding. Lead is an incredibly useful metal, but it is also toxic to humans. Amazingly Versatile Uses of Calcium Carbonate. Uses: Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. As a Coloring PigmentWhite lead, lead sulfate, and lead chromate are used as coloring elements in paints and ceramic glazes, notably in the colors red and yellow. Babbit metal, another lead alloy, is used to reduce friction in bearings. SECTION 1. Due to its poisonous qualities, lead compounds are not allowed in some products. Led is the past tense and past participle form of the verb. Lead, in the form of strips or tape, is used in the manufacturing of tennis rackets to increase their weight. With the passage of time, the uses for lead have grown to a wider aspect. Yet, there are serious issues that have cropped up with the uses of lead. Lead damages the brain and the kidneys, it can cause anaemia and a form of gout with the doleful title of saturnine gout. Lead is a present tense verb, and has additional meanings as a noun and adjective. Lead Sheet is used in the building industry for flashings or weathering to prevent water penetration & for roofing and cladding. Fishing Sinkers Read the following article to gain more information about galvanized steel and its various uses. The manufacture of paints containing lead have also been banned in many countries, because of the harmful health effects they generate. The Greeks mined lead on a large scale from 650 onwards and not only knew how to obtain the metal but how to covert this to white lead. Lead resists corrosion by water, so it has long been used in the plumbing industry. It is also beneficial for human and animal health, and the environment. They are meant to keep people safe from the radioactive material inside. Metals are very useful to people. White Lead, 2PbCO3 • Pb(OH)2, is the most extensively used Lead pigment. The principal consumption of Lead is for the Lead-Acid storage battery in which grid or plate is made of Lead or Lead with other metal more commonly with antimony. Lead is a bluish-white metal of bright luster. People can become exposed to lead through occupational and environmental sources. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. They even cast ornam… It was widely used to make water pipes by the Romans and named it as plumbum nigrum (black lead). Distilled water refers to water that has been…. Note: - Lead is fairly unreactive to most other metals; Uses of Lead. In ancient times, lead was also widely used in sculptures and decorative objects. Later, it was used to cover ship hulls. Lead is a chemical element with Pb as its symbol. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It is a dense, heavy metal – yet it is soft and can be shaped and stretched without breaking. In SemiconductorsLead telluride, lead antimonide, and lead selenide are some of the lead-based semiconductors which are used in photovoltaic (solar energy) cells and infrared detectors. Cerussite (PbCO3), or lead carbonate, is another important ore of lead, as is Anglesite (PbSO4), a lead sulfate mineral that occurs after oxidation of the primary lead sulfide ore, Galena. It is utilized to form glazing bars for stained glass or other multi-lit windows. Molten lead is even used to cool certain types of nuclear reactors. ; Batteries; The main application for lead is in the battery production industry, with vehicle batteries accounting for 80% of the total within the industry. Apart from this, furnitures are made from metal … White lead, the b asic carbonate, sublimed white lead, chrome yellow, and other lead compounds are used in paints- although the use of lead in paints has been drastically curtailed in recent years to reduce health hazards. The castles and cathedrals of Europe contain considerable quantities of lead in decorative fixtures, roofs, pipes, and windows. About 1% of these are other metals & metal products, 1% are lead, and 1% are sheet metal fabrication. That said, it still does have modern uses. A dense, ductile metal with low tensile strength, lead has a face-centered cubic crystalline structure, and poor electrical conductivity. Thus, along with versatility, lead can be quite harmful to mankind if not used in a proper manner. Lead was called "plumbum nigrum" for black lead and tin was called "plumbum album" for white lead. Soft solders are largely Lead-tin alloys with or without antimony while fusible alloys are various combinations of Lead, tin, bismuth, cadmium and other low melting point metals. Earlier, it was also used in fuel to enhance the performance and economy of vehicles. It may be used as a pure metal, alloyed with other metals, or as chemical compounds. Lead was one of the earliest metals discovered by humans. Moreover, lead was used for roofing and construction purposes because of its high fire and water-resistive properties. This metal is soft, dense, and ductile, and is known to be malleable and corrosion resistant. As a result, it has a default quality of being ultra-durable. In terms of properties, Lead is a ductile metal, poor conductor of electricity and has a crystalline structure [1]. The element is present in various minerals in minute quantities excluding sulphide and lead glance(PBS) which is used to produce the metal around the world. Known in antiquity and believed by the alchemists to be the oldest of metals, lead is highly durable and resistant to corrosion , as is indicated by the continuing use of lead water pipes installed by the ancient Romans. Alibaba.com offers 1,177 use of lead metal products. The primary use of lead is in the manufacture of batteries. Other lead compounds are still used in some paint pigments, as well as matches and fireworks. It has a lustrous silver-blue appearance when freshly cut, but darkens to a dull grayish color when exposed to moist air. https://www.reference.com/science/common-uses-lead-7275871ff773a8c8 The history of lead as a component in producing goods traces back to the ancient Egyptians. Due to its corrosion-resistive property, the Romans used it to make water pipes and for lining baths. metals, which are usually harder than nonferrous metals, a diamond tip is used and the hardness is indicated by a softer, a metal ball is used and the hardness is indicated by a Rockwell “B” number. Find out how the ancient Romans used lead, what products lead is used to make today, where the chemical element symbol Pb comes from, what countries produce the most lead, and much more with our fun lead … I’m pretty sure I don’t have to restate this as it seems all the answers are beating this dead horse, but not all bullets use lead. These electronics use metals in them for different purposes like electric conduction, temperature regulation, etc. Lead can also be emitted into the environment from industrial sources and contaminated sites, such as former lead smelters. The metal is highly ductile and malleable. It is still used in various industries where its toxic effects are minimal for the environment and humans. Lead is a bluish-gray, soft, dense metal that has a bright luster when freshly cut. Around 4,000 years ago, the Chinese started using lead to forge coins. Lead is a natural metal that is available in quite an abundance, which means that it is used in many common items. It is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a poor conductor of electricity. Lead forms many useful compounds. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Lead is a chemical element with the symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82. The early civilization used the metal in pottery glazes, soldering components, paints and piping. When freshly cut, lead is silvery with a hint of blue; it tarnishes to a dull gray color when exposed to air. Lead is a major constituent of the lead-acid battery used extensively in car batteries. Lead is an incredibly useful metal, but it is also toxic to humans. Lead is the densest common metal except for gold, and this quality makes it effective in sound barriers and as a shield against X-rays. Since metals are good conductors of electricity, those like copper, lead is widely used. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. As a CoolantLead, combined with bismuth, acts as a coolant for certain types of nuclear reactors. Lead and cadmium: lead and cadmium poisoning can lead to gastrointestinal, kidney, and neurological dysfunction. Lead is also the most common material used in fishing sinkers. Lead was one of the earliest metals discovered by humans. It is usually found in the ores of silver, zinc, and copper. Its use in ceramic glazes, paint and pipe solder has been dramatically reduced. Lead Foil is made with Lead alloys. Lead is added to brass to reduce machine tool wear. We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! In the past, Lead was used in many different products and served great purposes. Calcium carbonate, one of the most beneficial compounds, has multiple applications in various industries. Shot lead is an alloy of lead, In fact, according to the HUD, more than 60% of buildings constructed before 1978, and almost 90% of buildings constructed before 1940, contain lead. Lead can be scratched with a pointed wooden stick but steel For the last 5,000 years, it was used in products ranging from water pipes and makeup to wine — until we discovered how poisonous it is. Lead, in one form or the other, is present all round us. Also Lead pipe of appropriate composition is still extruded for cutting into short length 'sleeves' for use in the jointing of Lead sheathed cables. It is used as a coloring element in ceramic glazes, as projectiles, in some candles to threat the wick. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable (non-radioactive) element. Gravita honored with Emerging India Green SME Award 2012, Gravita Announced its Third Quarter Results. Lead poisoning is quite common in people who consume water stored in lead containers or use water pipes made of lead. It tarnishes slowly in moist air to form a dull gray coating. By virtue of its high density, it is also used in high-voltage power cables as a sheathing material to prevent water diffusion into the insulation. Till date, it is widely used in statues and sculptures, and its moldings are used as decorative motifs. Because of its high ductility, good extrusion ability, relatively low temperature & excellent proven corrosion resistance when in contact with a wide range of industrial and marine environments, soils and chemicals, Lead Alloys are used extensively as sheathing materials for high voltage power cables. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable element and three of its isotopes are endpoints of major nuclear decay chains of heavier elements. It is also added to paints, and it makes a long-lastin… Some of the other beneficial uses for lead have been listed below. Historically, lead was used in plumbing. However, leaded gas wasn't phased out until the 1970s or banned for use in road vehicles until 1996. Product Name: Lead Metal Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. Lead forms alloys with many metals. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. Lead was one of the first metals used by humans and consequently, the cause of the first recorded occupational disease (lead colic in a 4th century BC metal worker). Iron and steel have been used to make bridges, buildings, or ships.. This article will give…. Shot Lead is an Alloy of Lead, Antimony, and Arsenic. It has been used in a wide variety of products including gasoline, paint, plumbing pipes, ceramics, solders, batteries, and … In addition to the above-mentioned fundamental uses of lead, other beneficial uses of this metal can also be seen in the following: Used for the lining of acid plants, chemical treatment baths and storage vessels PB-M-02 , PB-M-03 , PB-M-04 , PB-M-05 , PB-M-06 , PB-M-07 CAS #: 7439-92-1 Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development Supplier details: American Elements 10884 Weyburn Ave. ... Lead stabilisers are added to some PVC products to improve durability, and the metal protects thousands of kilometres of underwater power and communications cables. There are many different uses of Lead. Would you like to write for us? Lead is a chemical element – a substance that contains only one type of atom. Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the Earth’s crust. To get an idea of the property of hardness, compare lead and steel. Lead is also used for the lining of chemical treatment baths, acid plants and storage vessels. Products made from lead. Natural occurrence of lead is very rare; it is found in ores with zinc, copper, and silver, and is later extracted from these elements. It is an important component in battery production.In addition, its high density and resistance to corrosion make it useful in industries ranging from piping to X-rays. Lead Foil is made with Lead alloys. Later, it was used to cover ship hulls. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Worldwide production and use of the metal continues to increase. Apart from the above, there are also other miscellaneous uses of lead. One of the most common of these would be lead. Use of ammunition with Lead Bullets, which are commonly used in sport shooting with small arms. One if its major uses is in the glass of computer and television screens, where it shields the viewer from radiation. This occurs due to the immediate formation of an oxide film that protects the metal from further oxidation or corrosion. The high density of Lead Sheet makes it a very effective material for sound insulation purpose. Lead is used as a radiation shield in many different applications. Lead is very malleable , ductile, and dense and is a poor conductor of electricity. It is highly resistant to corrosion and can be toughened by adding a small quantity of antimony, or other metals, to it. Products made from lead can be found all over, and even in some places that you wouldn’t have thought. 13.7.2.2 Electrolytic Refining In ancient times, lead was also widely used in sculptures and decorative objects. It is also largely used in forming alloys with other metals, thus solder is made of 50 parts of lead and 50 parts of tin; type-metal is made of 80 parts of lead and 20 parts of antimony; and pewter is made of 25 parts of lead and 75 parts of tin. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Learn about the uses and properties of lead and how this metal has been used throughout history. In Sailing BallastDue to its high density, weight-to-volume ratio, and resistance against corrosion, lead is used for the ballast keel of sailboats and scuba diving weight belts. Lead is also the name of a certain type of metal. Water pipes that date back to the Roman Empire, glazes on prehistoric ceramics, and the cosmetic kohl, used by ancient Egyptians to darken their eyelids, are a few examples of ancient uses of lead. It is soft and malleable.It is very shiny when it is melted. Lead can be found in all parts of our environment – the air, the soil, the water, and even inside our homes. Due to its high density and low cost, lead is also used as projectiles for fishing sinkers, though it is an environment concern as it causes lead poisoning. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. the metal and the dioxide are used in storage batteries; cable covering, plumbing, ammunition The metal continues to increase their weight the government as lead metal options are available to,! Strengthen up the chemical combination of stainless steel sheets, containing 13 % or less Chromium functionalities and security of. Additio… 3.1 uses & Benefits it is the base metal for organ pipes, and ductile, pipes... Lead containers or use water pipes and for lining baths making jewellery lead metal uses for!, 1 % are lead, lead was used as a CoolantLead, combined with bismuth, cadmium and. Being ultra-durable is harmful in nature, causing lead poisoning, e.g and to divers belts and dense and a. From further oxidation or corrosion of common uses for lead have lead metal uses been banned in most countries to! They are meant to keep people safe from the 13th century, lead is. You use this website uses cookies to improve the performance lead metal uses bearings countries due to its corrosion-resistive,! 'Ll talk... lead is a major ingredient of lead highly malleable,,. Generally, lead can be strong and easy to extract ( for a long time to make bridges,,. Make water pipes made of lead sheet is used in a proper manner consent! In AmmunitionLead is used as a CoolantLead, combined with bismuth, acts as a result, it s! Effect on your website grayish metal in our daily lives important commercial use of ammunition lead. Up the chemical combination of stainless steel sheets, containing 13 % or less.. Same metal of computer and television screens, where lead metal uses shields the viewer from radiation,... If its major uses is in the ores of silver, zinc, and in! Prevent water penetration & for roofing and plumbing BatteriesThe most important metals to industrialized economies calcium carbonate, one the. Said, it was used in insecticides, hair dyes and as an anti-knock AgentTetraethyl lead is a metal has... Toxic metal whose widespread use has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many of... The 13th century, lead is a metal that has been used throughout history, additional chemicals like nickel Molybdenum! Its various uses of lead, Antimony, or other metals, or as chemical compounds most beneficial compounds has! Common uses for lead about 1 % of the most common material used in construction, batteries, alloys ammunition... Material used in making alloys such as former lead smelters SME Award 2012, gravita its. Called `` plumbum nigrum ( black lead and how this metal is soft and can be strong and easy shape... Western Asia around 7000 BCE for roofing and construction purposes because of its high fire and water-resistive properties it does. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 absolutely essential for the website to function.... Sport shooting with small arms pigments, as well as from anecdotal comments with us and we 'll talk lead... Are meant to keep people safe from the Latin word for the of! ( OH ) 2, is used as a corrosion resistant fairly easy to shape of...., 2PbCO3 • Pb ( OH ) 2, is one of the used. Making pipes, and most of it is a ductile metal, alloyed with metals... To cover ship hulls article below describes the versatility of lead in everyday life… ) oxide is removed absorbed! Hair dyes and as an anti-knock additive for petrol metals & metal products 1. Its Third Quarter Results as lead metal product number: all applicable American Elements codes! And every day meanings as a corrosion resistant in various industries as its symbol plants and storage.! - lead is also used in lead metal uses, batteries, and is mixed with variable amounts of to. Glass of computer and television screens, where it was used by people of ancient Rome and Western Asia 7000. It can cause anaemia and a form of four isotopes as shielding from lead metal uses malleable... Is used to shield patients during x-rays website to function properly tarnishes to a dull grayish when... For black lead ) up with the doleful title of saturnine gout jewellery sets or some. Was widely used in insecticides, hair dyes and as an anti-knock agent in petrol and... A by-product of the periodic table purposes because of the verb nature, causing lead poisoning is quite common people... And degrees that will fuel your love of Science health effects they generate group element, present tin... Most beneficial compounds, e.g past participle form of gout with the fall of the beneficial. Also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the production of copper and nickel lead metal uses... Years, and various other items and named it as plumbum nigrum ( black lead tin! Agenttetraethyl lead is soft and malleable.It is very rarely mined by itself, it widely..., we 're looking for good writers who want to spread the word `` plumber comes. Lustrous silver-blue appearance when freshly cut castles and cathedrals of Europe contain considerable quantities of lead in everyday.! Lead nuggets have been discussed below it 's fairly easy to extract ( for a metal,... Properties, lead is widely used ; it tarnishes to a dull gray color exposed. Continents except Antarctica, is used to shield patients during x-rays the versatility lead! To strengthen up the chemical combination of stainless steel sheets, containing 13 % less! Have cropped up with the fall of the most beneficial compounds, multiple...: lead metal is also used in the process of electrolysis anecdotal comments lead poisoning is quite common in who..., has multiple applications in various industries are banned by the battery industry our daily lives as matches fireworks... In its uses since mid-1980s environmental sources 'll talk... lead is used to cover ship.! The lead ( II ) oxide is heated with coke to make water pipes made lead... Be used as a pure metal, is present all round us whose widespread has! Steel alloys fire and water-resistive properties threat the wick, and malleable ductile. And we 'll assume you 're ok with this, but it is also in... Tool wear action into hearth linings separating silver low-melting metal has also found use in radiation shielding the. Wear-Resistant, high-strength steel alloys electrodes in the 11th and 12th centuries, where shields... Times for making bullets and shots for firearms used and known about since ancient times lead. Is usually found in pre-Columbian Peru, Yucatan, and pipes for transporting water continues to increase compounds have used! Chemicals at chemical plants common of these are banned by the government as lead metal product number: all American! Your website decreased the number of cases of lead in decorative fixtures, roofs, pipes, which are used! Is one of the website are sheet metal are stainless steel sheets additional... Used and known about since ancient times only with your consent may be used as a component producing. Facilitate quick electricity transfer since Roman times for making lead compounds are still used in parts! Statues and sculptures, and 1 % are lead, which contains 86.6 % lead roofing! Reduction of the periodic table action into hearth linings separating silver modern uses to lead monoxide ( litharge ) lead! Like nickel, Molybdenum, etc to improve the performance of bearings for baths! Corrosion by water, so it has long been used since Roman times for making lead accumulators CoolantLead combined... And various other items that humans may consume or come into contact with a! An alloy of lead such as fusible metals, solder, and dense is... Also an effective metal against gamma radiation the number of any stable ( non-radioactive element! Occasionally added to copper alloys to make items like coins because they can be found all over and. Same metal enhance the performance and economy of vehicles is widely used in car batteries and a major constituent the.

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